Annual cultivation of Agaricus bisporus

First, mushroom shed treatment: First, according to the production plan to rebuild the original shed or direct new construction, the wall thickness of not less than 0.8 meters, the highest point in the shed not less than 2.5 meters, generally about 40 meters long, 6 to 7 meters wide is appropriate And then use "two membranes and two curtains" cover; hanging a layer of black plastic film in the shed, so that during the low temperature season to expose the temperature, only allow heat to enter without direct sunlight material bed. Secondly, trenching is carried out by cultivating the trampoline. Generally, the north-south trampoline is 1.2 meters wide and the width of the work lane is 0.4 to 0.6 meters. The depth of the work tunnel is about 0.2 meters, and the depth can be gradually deepened to the south; the trampoline is slightly Turtle shaped. Final disinfection. The new mushroom shed can be sprayed once to get rid of traces of the disease and 600 times more dichlorvos solution, and then close the shed. After 2 days, the shed can be used. The shed is re-used once every other day to enhance the insecticidal effect. Finally, the shed is filled with water, and the water is poured into the shed for about 5 days before the sowing of the feed, allowing it to flow naturally, so that it can be fully irrigated, one to increase the shed wetness, and the other to reduce the shed temperature.

Second, the base material processing: can be according to the following formula spices, wheat grass 3000 kg, 2000 kg of biogas residue, cattle dung powder 1000 kg, 80 kg of superphosphate, 70 kg of urea, 120 kg of lime powder, 80 kg of gypsum powder, light Calcium carbonate 80 kg, bean cake powder 100 kg, edible fungi three-dimensional nutrition essence (mixing type) 20 bags. The base material is fermented and fermented and can be arranged in July. According to the recipe, it can be fermented and fermented. Note points: heap ferment evenly; no pests into; adjust pH 8 ~ 9; moisture content of about 65%; treatment material temperature below 28 °C or near room temperature, you can enter the greenhouse sowing.

Third, sowing germs: generally can be arranged in mid-August sowing. Conventional sowing, the amount of seed used per square 2 bottles of bacteria, can be divided into three layers. After sowing, seal the mushroom shed and re-irrigate it into the work trench, but do not allow water to enter the base material. Spray water on the grass outside the shed to cool down, 2 days later, adhere to night ventilation, in case of rain and hot weather, forced ventilation.

After sowing, according to the occurrence of local edible fungus diseases, spraying once again every five days to the shed to get rid of no trace 800 times the solution, spray walls, work lanes, vents and imports and exports, etc., do not directly spray material surface . About 15 days or so, open the material bed inspection, when the mycelium is about 2/3 of the material thickness, the soil can be covered; the treatment of the earth-covered material and the earth-covering method are conventional. About 15 days after covering the earth, hyphae will appear on the surface, and even side wall mushrooms will occur. At this time, they should be transferred into mushroom management.

Fourth, mushroom management: 1. Before the mushroom, the surface of a large number of aerial hyphae occurs, at this time the emergency speed down wet, ventilated, so that lodging, in order to facilitate the emergence of knots. Once the aerial hyphae are laid down, then the noodles are sprayed at a rate of 1 kg per square meter of fresh water, and ventilation is enhanced. When there are dense mushroom buds appearing on the material surface, the strong ventilation shall be gentle ventilation, the control shed shall be wet to more than 85%, and measures such as grasshopper spray shall be adopted to minimize the greenhouse temperature and ensure the normal growth and development of the mushroom buds.

When the fruiting body grows to a diameter of about 2 cm, a three-dimensional nutrient pheromone (spray-type) is prepared by direct injection of the edible mushroom in combination with water spray. To grow to 4 to 8 cm in diameter, according to market needs or order requirements timely harvest, in addition to special circumstances, or to adopt a "one size fits all" harvesting methods, in order to facilitate the occurrence and management of the second tidal mushroom.

2.After harvesting, immediately clean up the noodles, fill up the depressions or cracks, apply a nutrient solution once and then “suppress” the water, cool down, reduce humidity, and close the light treatment, so that the mycelium will stay alive. Two tidal mushrooms occur. Management with the former. Note points: During the fruiting period, insist on spraying once every 5 to 7 days 800 to 1000 times the disease without a trace or mushroom killing disease, can effectively prevent the occurrence of various disease bacteria.

Fifth, the second batch of production: the second tidal mushroom all harvested, the general biological efficiency of about 40%, and the conventional harvest of five or seven tide mushroom almost no difference. By the end of November, it is possible to clear the shed, and after the mushroom shed is sterilized by using various diseases and other drugs without traces, the second batch of feed should be started. The management is well-established, and the mushroom management will be entered in February of the following year. In this way, two years of cultivation can be achieved.

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